عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
One of Zoroastrian burial customs is exposing the body in Dakhms. Because of the eastern roots of the Zoroastrian religion, this burial custom could have originated from Central Asia and became as most common Zoroastrian burial custom in Iran and Central Asia. Based on archaeological data and Classical texts, bodies have exposed in the open air without the need to put them in hand-made Dakhmas until the 2nd century BC. This paper has tried to study Dakhmas custom and investigate the formals evolution of Zoroastrian Dakhmas from the beginning of hand-made Dakhmas in the 2nd century BC to the last known example in the 13th century. In this regard, there are some questions to answer: 1) Because of the eastern origins of the Zoroastrian cult is hand-made Dakhmas custom originated from Central Asia? 2) How this burial custom has evolved from the Hellenistic to the Mid-Islamic period? 3) How these evolutions reflect in the architectural structure of Zoroastrian Dakhma? For the answers to these questions, a descriptive-analytical method was used. Field and historical texts studies and comparative studies are the most important methods of this illustration. This study will show the eastern origins of hand-made Dakhmas and demonstrate three different architectural customs. The origins and evolution of these customs hide in the historical context of Central Asia.