نوع مقاله : جغرافیای تاریخی خراسان بزرگ
1 عضو هیئت علمی گروه تاریخ دانشگاه بیرجند
2 دانشیار گروه تاریخ دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
عنوان مقاله [English]
Russia and English competition in Asia was moderated by the 1907 agreement and Iran was divided into two areas of influence and an impartial area. Russians left Sistan region to rival; however, there were thresta in the impartial area and Qayenat was on the easternmost of impartial area. Although research has been done on the Russian-British relation in Iran and the 1907 agreement, its impact and consequences for the impartial area such as Qayenat have not been addressed. Therefore, this article addressed the consequences of this agreement for Qayenat and Birjand during the period of Cherkasov, Russian consul. This paper tried to answer research questions about the consequences of the 1907 contract in Qayenat and Birjand and the performance of Baron Cherkasov through a descriptive-analytical method.
The findings of the study indicated that the Russians focused on Qayenat instead of Sistan after the contract of 1907. Cherkasov resided most of his mission in Birjand and tried to transfer the consulate there. He was involved in the conflict between Heshmat al Mulk II and Showkat al-Mulk II actively. Although during his period the medical activities of the Russians were reduced, the bank of Esteghrazi Rus was transferred from Sistan to Birjand. Cherkasov, with the support of Showkat al Mulk II’s opponents, such as Nahkai Khans tried to find new allies in the region, although he was unsuccessful.
Keywords: birjand -Qayenat-1907 contract- Baron Cherkasov- Showkat al-Mulk