Document Type : جغرافیای تاریخی خراسان بزرگ
PhD student of Iranian History, Department of History, Faculty of Literature, Isfahan University, Iran
Department of History, Faculty of Literature, University of Isfahan
Professor of History Department, Faculty of Literature, University of Isfahan, Iran
The issue of immigration during the Timurid period was significantly linked to the two components of uneven urban development and tribal authoritarianism. As a result of these two approaches, two important consequences also occurred in the link between the city and immigration. First, the increasing prosperity of some urban centers in eastern Iran and the strengthening of their cultural-economic foundations by taking advantage of mandatory immigration policies that deprive other urban centers of retaining capacities and attractions. Led to the influence of tribal authoritarianism on immigration trends, which manifested themselves in phenomena such as growing tax pressures, a looting economy, forced and intermittent population movements to control unrest, and a kind of indifference to other urban centers. Showed the dispersion of power according to tribal criteria and so on. In this study, assuming that policies based on uneven urban development and tribal authoritarianism have a profound effect on the increase of migration processes, an attempt is made to investigate the role of these policies in upsetting the balance of cities, urban disorders. And show the social anxiety arising from the type of exercise of Illyrian power, their explanation, and their direct impact on immigration processes. The results of this study show that the phenomenon of migration in this period was mainly forced-command and from above, all of which were directly influenced by the nature of government and especially the two main trends in Timurid politics, namely uneven development and tribal authoritarianism.