Document Type : تاریخ شهرسازی خراسان بزرگ
Professor, Department of Political Science, Faculty of Political Science, Mofid University, Qom, Iran
PhD student, Department of Contemporary History of the Islamic World, Higher Education Complex of Islamic History, Tradition and Civilization, Al-Mustafa International University, Qom, Iran
The religion of Islam and its rational teachings as a dominant social and ideological discourse have empowered the Afghan people during the three wars and military aggression of British colonialism. With this attitude, the author tries to show the signs and symbols of the discourse of Islamic rationality in the struggle against British colonialism by using historical sources and library research methods. And also to analyze and read according to the method of Laclau and Moff discourse influenced by Michel Foucault. About 99% of the population of Afghanistan is followers of Islam and its rational teachings are embedded in all aspects of the life of the Afghan people; Thus, Islam forms the central sign of the discourse of Islamic rationality in the struggle against British colonialism, and other signs and symbols in its articulation have deep roots in the religious and ideological thoughts of the people. Dall-Auli al-Amr. It represents the role of religious scholars in appointing Amanullah Khan in the struggle against British colonialism and the country's independence. Dall fatwa It has created and strengthened a deep bond between people and religious scholars against colonialism In the same way, Dall Nafyee Sabill with different elements, Afghan warriors have not appeared against the colonial armies. Elements of Dall Nafyee Sabell, such as the cultural, political, and diplomatic elements, have dealt a fatal blow to the British colonial body, eventually marginalizing colonialism by forcing it out of Afghanistan and becoming a dominant Islamic discourse. Now the main question is what is the role of Islamic rationality in the struggle against British colonialism? The purpose of writing is to represent the signs and symbols of Islamic rationality and its impact on the ability of the Afghan people against British colonialism. The findings show that the people of Afghanistan have relied on Islam and its signs and symbols as much as they have been able to achieve victory and victory in the fight against British colonialism.