عنوان مقاله [English]
With the establishment of the Sheibanian dynasty (1007-906 AH / 1599-1500 AD) in Bukhara, the Madrasa was considered as the most pivotal pillar of the Islamic education system and also as an important pillar in the training of scholars and elites of the society who had a brilliant background in Transoxiana. And supported by Uzbek readers. This support was not only provided by the Sheibanis, but was strongly and weakly pursued by the Ashtarkhani (1200-1007 AH / 1785-1599 AD) and Manghit (1339-1200 AH / 1920-1785 AD) governments, which subsequently came to power in the region. . The present study intends to use historical and archival sources and a descriptive-analytical approach to answer the question: What was the social function of the Madrasa in Bukhara in the 10th to 14th centuries AH? The achievements of the research make it clear that the students of religious sciences who came to Bukhara from all over and beyond to complete their postgraduate studies, after completing their studies in various social sectors and in important positions such as Sadr, Shaykh al-Islam, Qazi Kalan, Imam Juma. Etc. were appointed and in this way, in addition to resolving and referring social affairs, they were influential in guiding and influencing the general classes of the society. The orientation of the elites in the Bukhara society was in a direction that satisfied the greed of the ruling system, and the Uzbek ruler sought to propagate and implement the ideology of the ruling system in the hands of these elites by appointing educated scholars to important social positions.