عنوان مقاله [English]
The study of Iran-Russia relations is an issue that has been addressed in recent years, mainly politically, but it is necessary to pay attention to the cultural relations between the two countries, because in the course of relations between the two, cultural issues have not been separated from the political dimension. After the establishment of the Marxist system, the Soviet government's propaganda to present a different and revolutionary image of Russia led to the development of cultural contacts between the two countries. Meanwhile, Khorasan was one of the areas of these cultural exchanges. The present study, using the method of library studies and relying on authoritative archival sources and documents, aims to answer the question: What were the most important cultural activities of the Soviet Union in the first half of the 1320s in Khorasan province and what are the goals of cultural activities in Khorasan? The results of the research show that during the years 1320-1326 in Khorasan, Soviet agents tried to attract Iranians by performing various programs such as: holding celebrations, lectures, showing films, establishing associations and holding sports competitions, and with demonstrating the Soviet system as a service-oriented and well-intentioned state successfully, pave the way for wider Soviet cooperation and communication with Iran, and accept its illegitimate military presence in Khorasan Province. Soviet cultural activities in Khorasan were a development which, after the first stage of cultural activities, led to the continuation and development of comprehensive exchanges of governments in the following years.